PAT testing is a very important part for your health and safety and fire risk policy, here are some of the reasons why:
The HSE Executive have stated that 25% of reported electrical accidents involve portable appliances, (IE plug in appliances)
Electricity can kill! Each year about 1000 accidents at work involving electric shock or burns are reported to the Health and Safety Executive. About 15 of these are fatal.
Note: the electricity at the work regulations place a legal responsibility on employers, employees and self employed persons to comply with the provisions of the regulation and take reasonably practicable steps to ensure that no danger can result from the usage of such types of equipment, this then requires the implementation of a regular program of maintenance and inspection and testing of portable appliances, this is covered in the health and safety at work act (1974) which makes this an obligation for the responsible person in the work place, like managers - business owners - or person appointed and stated within the company.
The legislation of specific relation to electrical testing certification & maintenance are about the following:
Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 - Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations - Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 - Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 - Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998.
The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
Puts a responsibility and duty of care upon all employers & landlords and users of electrical equipment ensure safety & to record & certificate
electrical appliances, the employer and employee to ensure the electrical safety of all other persons in the work premises.This includes the self employed people.
The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999:
This says that every employer shall make suitable and sufficient assessments.
This includes every employer shall ensure that work equipment is maintained in an efficient condition & working order and in good repair or pat or electrical
test certificate.Power 1998 covers most risks that can result from using work equipment, With respect to risks from electricity, Compliance with the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 is likely to achieve test compliance with the Power 1998 Power 1998 only applies to work equipment used by all types of employees at work.This includes all work equipment, fixed transportable or portable appliances to be tested & certification which is connected to a source of electrical. Power does not apply to fixed wired installations in a building. The electrical safety test of these installations is governed by only the Electricity at Work Regulations.
The Electricity at Work Regulations1989:
States all systems shall be of such construction as to prevent danger or so far as reasonably practicable.All systems shall be maintained to prevent danger or as so far as reasonably practicable.System means an electrical test system in which all the electrical equipment test is, or may be, electrically connected to a common source of electrical energy and includes such source and such equipment.Electrical testing Equipment includes anything which uses electricity or intended to be used or installed for use to generate – provide – transmit – transform -rectify – convert – conduct – distribute – control – store - measure or use electric.
Scope of the legislation
It is clear that the combination of the HSW Act 1974, the Power 1998 and the EAW Regulations 1989 apply to all electrical tested equipment used or associated with places of work, the scope extends from distribution systems down to the smallest piece of electrical equipment to be tested and certificated in the workplace by the owner or landlord.It is clear that there is a requirement to inspect and test all types of electrical pat test equipment in all work situations regularly.From new all appliances being brought you must have a Portable Appliance Test certificate as per recommendations of the technician will be required to be compliant.
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